HGH abuse and overuse by the professional sports athletes is one of the reasons behind why HGH tests are important. But at the same time, HGH tests are critical to know the level of growth hormone in the children, especially those who have slow or abnormal growth patterns. HGH testing thus helps to identify the deficiency of this hormone. The tests are conducted in case of children before they reach their adolescence to get the opportunity of rectifying imbalance in time.
Well, the technical methodology to carry out such HGH tests involve enzyme linked immunosorbent assay which was published in 1996. In this study, human growth hormone was provided subcutaneously. After the whole treatment procedure, HGH was found to be there 50 to 100 times the actual basal level and then it reaches its usual level in a day. The units of such hormone were detected as well with the help of this method in different competitions through having the control samples that were normal. HGH level in the urine was different based on the practice level of athletes and the activity they do for their competition.
Also, the level of HGH changes very fast during day time and so it is crucial to have blood samples during different times and different days to measure maximum as well as minimum HGH production. Moving ahead, even the production of HGH differs in person to person. For the adult males, this level of production ranges from 0 to 5 nanogram/millilitre while in case of females, it ranges from 0 to 10 nanogram per millilitre. And in case of children, the HGH production ranges from 0 to 16 ng/ml.
There are some blood and urine tests which are used for detecting presence of bio synthetic HGH in the body. The athletes and sports personalities undergo these tests in order to detect presence of HGH in their blood. Since a few years, various sports professionals have got habituated of using this hormone for improving their lean muscle mass, stamina and endurance. These sports personalities are checked time and again for illegal usage of the hormone through testing for hormone in the body fluids.
Apart from these tests, there are even some tests that measure the level of insulin like growth factor proteins and other beta 2 microglobulins that help in knowing the doping of growth hormone. There is even the controversy about doping test for this hormone as many sports professionals now use GH releasers and supplements to serve the purpose like those of hormone injections. These HGH releasers and pills yield the same benefit like the injections i.e. they help in enhancing the lean muscle mass and augmenting endurance level. This has indeed become an obstruction in efforts of USADA and WADA when it comes to anti doping tests.
So, with the help of tests mentioned above and several others, HGH can be detected in one’s body. At the same time, it is very important to conduct these tests in authorities laboratories or medical centres only.